Alexandria Sightseeing Tours
Alexandria Sightseeing tours, Excursions in Alexandria and what to see
Alexandria is considered the cradle of culture and the land of history. Its sand is covered in antiquities and the footsteps of heroes, and its sea inhabited by sunken treasures. As for its air, its breezes are fragrant with the fragrance of “Cleopatra” and her lover “Antonio,” and before them the breath of Alexander the Great, its creator.
Alexander the Great founded the city of Alexandria on January 21, 331 BC as a Greek city. It became the largest city in the Mediterranean. It is located on the sea above a coastal strip northwest of the Nile Delta. It was planned by the Greek engineer (Dinocrates) to be located next to an ancient village for fishermen that was called (Rakoda).
And soon it gained its fame after it became a cultural, political and economic center, especially when it was the capital of the Ptolemaic rule in Egypt. Alexandria was characterized at the beginning by the military character as a city for the Greek soldiers. Then the days of the Greek Ptolemaic turned into a royal city with its gardens, white marble columns and wide streets.
Alexandria remained the capital of Egypt during the reigns of the Greeks, Romans and Byzantines until the Arabs entered it. And the capital moved from it to the city of Fustat, which was founded by Amr ibn al-Aas in the year 21 AH-641 AD.